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Vacation of office of member of Parliament
Chapter Eight - The Legislature
Article 103. Vacation of office of member of Parliament

(1) The office of a member of Parliament becomes vacant--
      (a)   if the member dies;
      (b)   if, during any session of Parliament, the member is absent from eight sittings of the relevant House without permission, in writing, from the Speaker, and is unable to offer a satisfactory explanation for the absence to the
            relevant committee;
      (c)   if the member is otherwise removed from office under this Constitution or legislation enacted under Article 80;
      (d)   if the member resigns from Parliament in writing to the Speaker;
      (e)   if, having been elected to Parliament--
                 (i)     as a member of a political party, the member resigns from that party or is deemed to have resigned from the party as determined in accordance with the legislation contemplated in clause (2); or
                (ii)     as an independent candidate, the member joins a political party;
      (f)   at the end of the term of the relevant House; or
      (g)   if the member becomes disqualified for election to Parliament under Article 99 (2) (d) to (h).
(3) Parliament shall enact legislation providing for the circumstances under which a member of a political party shall be deemed, for the purposes of clause (1) (e), to have resigned from the party.

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